The three parties responsible for the training and management of NAICS are the Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Geografia in Mexico, Statistics Canada and the U.S. Bureau of Management and Budget, through its Economic Classification Policy Committee, which also includes the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Census. The first version of the classification system was published in 1997. A review in 2002 reflected major changes in the information sector. The last revision, in 2017, resulted in 21 new sectors through the reclassification, splitting or merging of 29 existing industries. Since NAFTA was adopted, U.S. trade interests have often expressed very satisfaction with the agreement. Trade has grown strongly between the three NAFTA nations, but this increase in trade activity has led to growing trade deficits for both the United States with Canada and Mexico-;d the United States imports more from Mexico and Canada than it exports to these trading partners. Critics of the agreement argue that NAFTA is at least partly responsible for these trade deficits and the striking job losses in U.S. manufacturing over the past decade.
But before NAFTA, manufacturing jobs were starting to shrink. The NAFTA debate continues. The deal affected thousands of U.S. workers after U.S. companies relocated their production plants to Mexico to take advantage of lower wages and relax workers` health and safety rules. In addition, according to critics, the agreement has led to environmental degradation due to rapid industrialization in Mexico. According to a 2012 study on tariff reductions on NAFTA, trade with the United States and Mexico increased by only 11% in Canada, compared to a 41% increase in the United States and 118% in Mexico. :3 In addition, the United States and Mexico benefited more from the rate reduction, with an increase in social benefits of 0.08% and 1.31%, with Canada recording a decrease of 0.06%. :4 There was widespread opposition to NAFTA over the fear that the removal of trade barriers would encourage U.S.
companies to get carried away and settle in Mexico to use cheap labour. This concern increased in the early years of the 2000s, when the economy experienced a recession and the subsequent recovery turned out to be a “recovery in unemployment”. Opposition to NAFTA was also strong among environmental groups, who said that the anti-pollution elements in the treaty were woefully inadequate. This criticism has not wavered since the implementation of NAFTA. In fact, Mexico and Canada have been cited on several occasions for environmental infidelities. From June to the end of August 2018, Canada was sidelined due to bilateral discussions between the United States and Mexico.  On August 27, 2018, Mexico and the United States announced that they had reached a bilateral agreement on a revised NAFTA trade agreement, which includes provisions that would boost U.S. auto production a 10-year data protection period against generic drug production on an expanded list of products enjoyed by pharmaceutical companies. , particularly U.S.
manufacturers of high-quality bionological drugs. , a sunset clause – a 16-year expiry date with periodic audits over 6 years to eventually extend the contract for an additional 16 years, and a high de minimis threshold, where Mexico increased the de minimis value of US$50 in terms of duty-free and tax-free online purchases to $100.   According to an August 30 article in The Economist, Mexico has agreed to increase the rules of origin, which would mean that 75% of a vehicle`s components must be manufactured in North America, as opposed to the previous 62.5%, in order to avoid tariffs.  Given that automakers are currently importing cheaper components from Asia, consumers would pay more for veh